Vaccine Info

BNT163 Herpes Vaccine

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Last reviewed
January 8, 2023
Fact checked by
Robert Carlson, MD

BNT163 Herpes Vaccine Description

BioNTech SE BNT163 herpes simplex virus (HSV) vaccine candidate is under development to prevent genital lesions caused by Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) and potentially Herpes Simplex Virus-1 (HSV-1). Based on the Company's Messenger RNA (mRNA) platform, BNT163 encodes three HSV-2 glycoproteins to help prevent HSV cellular entry and spread and counteract the immunosuppressive properties of HSVs.

BNT163 is the first candidate from BioNTech's infectious disease mRNA vaccine collaboration with the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (Penn), located in Philadelphia, to enter the clinic. The program is part of BioNTech's strategy to address diseases with a high unmet medical need.

Announced on December 21, 2022, BioNTech's placebo-controlled, observer-blinded, dose-escalation Phase 1 clinical trial is expected to enroll around 100 healthy volunteers aged 18 to 55 years without current or history of symptomatic genital herpes infections in the U.S. The study consists of a first dose escalation part that will focus on safety evaluations and assess the optimal dose response in various dose levels. The trial's second part is designed to expand the safety characterization for the selected dosing of BNT163 for a more comprehensive assessment of the impact of pre-existing immunity to HSV-1 and -2 on the safety and BNT163-induced immune responses.

Currently, available HSV therapies only reduce the severity and frequency of symptoms, says the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As of January 2023, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and other agencies have not authorized any herpes vaccine.

Based in Mainz, Germany, Biopharmaceutical New Technologies (BioNTech SE) (Nasdaq: BNTX) is a next-generation immunotherapy company pioneering novel therapies for cancer and other serious diseases.

BNT163 Indication

HSV-1 and HSV-2 viruses cause two highly prevalent viral infections, says the World Health Organization (WHO). Both viruses are highly contagious and can also be transmitted during childbirth. As neurotropic and neuroinvasive viruses, HSV-1 and -2 persist in the body by hiding from the immune system in the cell bodies of neurons, where they reside lifelong and thus cannot be eradicated with current treatments. Once acquired, HSV persists lifelong in the body with reoccurring symptomatic outbreaks.

HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral contact and causes lesions around the mouth, but in some cases can also lead to genital infections and respective lesions. HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted disease that causes genital herpes. Therefore, infections with HSV-2 further increase the risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV infections.

According to the WHO, approximately 500 million people globally are estimated to be affected by genital infections caused by HSV-2, with painful genital lesions, an increased risk for meningitis, and high levels of emotional distress. Moreover, HSV-2 infection increases the risk of acquiring HIV infections by approximately three-fold. In addition, co-infections with both HIV and HSV-2 increase the likelihood of transmitting HIV to others says the WHO.

BioNTech - University of Pennsylvania Agreement

In 2018, Penn and BioNTech entered a research collaboration and license agreement to develop novel mRNA vaccine candidates for the prevention and treatment of various infectious diseases. As a result, the Perelman School of Medicine at Penn has licensed some intellectual property related to the BNT163 vaccine candidate to BioNTech. In addition, the University receives sponsored research funding from BioNTech associated with the preclinical development of the BNT163 vaccine candidate. As inventors of specific intellectual property related to the BNT163 vaccine candidate, some of the scientists involved in the preclinical development of the vaccine and Penn may receive additional financial benefits under the BioNTech license in the future.

BNT163 Herpes Vaccine News

December 21, 2022 - "This program is part of our strategy to help address diseases with a high unmet medical need and of global health relevance by combining our new technologies, such as mRNA, and our expertise in immune engineering," said Prof. Özlem Türeci, M.D., Chief Medical Officer and Co-Founder of BioNTech, in a press release. "BNT163 is based on three non-infectious mRNA-encoded HSV-2 glycoproteins. We aim to induce a broad immune response directed against multiple antigens of the virus and mobilizes various immune effectors to support virus neutralization and clearance."

November 5, 2018 - BioNTech AG, a rapidly growing biotechnology company focused on the development of immunotherapies for the precise and individualized treatment of cancer and prevention of infectious diseases, and the University of Pennsylvania (Penn), Philadelphia, USA, today announced that they have entered into a strategic research collaboration. The goal of the exclusive, multi-year partnership is to develop novel nucleoside-modified mRNA vaccine candidates to prevent and treat various infectious diseases.

BNT163 Herpes Vaccine Clinical Trials

Phase 1 study: Identifier: NCT05432583 - This exploratory trial will have two parts. While Part A will focus on the safety evaluations, vaccine-induced immune responses (specifically neutralizing antibodies) will also be analyzed to assess if there is a dose-response. Part B of the trial will expand the safety characterization for a BNT163 dose selected based on Part A data and enable a more comprehensive assessment of the impact of pre-existing immunity to HSV-1 and -2 on the safety and BNT163-induced immune responses after one selected (higher) dose of BNT163 than could be done during the dose escalation performed in Part A. Last Update Posted: January 5, 2023.

Clinical Trials

No clinical trials found