Cancun Travel Vaccines
Cancun, Mexico Travel Vaccines 2023
When visiting Cancun, Mexico, health organizations suggest speaking with a healthcare provider about which diseases are of concern and vaccine options. As of September 2023, Australia, Canada, Ireland, and the United Kingdom have published travel vaccine advice for Mexico. As of October 13, 2023, the U.K. Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Office advised against all but essential travel to the states of Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Zacatecas, Tamaulipas, and others. As of August 22, 2023, the U.S. Department of State stated violent crime is widespread in Mexico, and the U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in many areas of Mexico. The U.S. Embassy for Cancun has issued related notices and suggests enrolling in the Smart Traveler Program to receive travel alerts during an emergency. The Canadian government says to exercise high caution when visiting Mexico due to increased criminal activity and kidnapping levels. The Mexican government provides information on emergency services and tourist assistance via the app and website.
Cancun Advisories U.S. CDC
As of November 2023, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests reviewing specific recommendations for vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers before visiting the Yucatán Peninsula.
Dengue: Dengue fever infections are a health risk in 28 of 32 states in Mexico. Mexico's Health Ministry reported 30,320 confirmed dengue cases between January and October 7, 2023, a YoY increase of 337%. Quintana Roo (Cancun) is the leading state reporting cases in 2023. The cases registered in 2023 are about 300 times more significant compared to the same period in 2022 and 58% higher compared to the average of the last five years. As many as one in five dengue fever deaths in the Americas occur in Mexico, and the rate of the disease's severity has been increasing for decades, according to the WHO.
Fungal Infections - U.S. residents returning from Matamoros, Mexico, were diagnosed with fungal meningitis infections that have led to severe illness and death. The CDC issued a Level 2 - Practice Enhanced Precautions notice to notify travelers.
Malaria: In the Americas, 520,000 cases of malaria and around 120 deaths were reported in 2021. In November 2023, the Mexican state of Quintana Roo was awarded the 2023 PAHO Malaria Champions of the Americas for their sustained actions towards malaria elimination in the Region. Health authorities in Mexico reported a small malaria outbreak in Oaxaca in December 2022. Twenty-eight malaria cases have been reported in the town of San Pedro Tapanatepec. This is the first malaria outbreak in Oaxaca in the past ten years. The Oaxaca Health Secretariat issued an epidemiological alert for an outbreak of Malaria. The U.S. CDC recommends that travelers going to certain areas of Mexico take prescription medicine to prevent malaria.
Typhoid: Vaccination is recommended for most travelers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas. In 2017, the state of Yucatan reported an outbreak. In Mexico, the last major S Typhi outbreak (10k) occurred in the 1970s.
Cancun Pan American Health Organization
The Health in the Americas country profile for Mexico is based on interagency indicators, with the latest travel vaccine news posted at this link. For example, the Mexico IHR National Focal Point informed the Pan American Health Organization about the detection of a cluster of aseptic meningitis cases and related fatalities of unknown etiology in 2022, all with a history of having undergone surgical procedures with the administration of spinal anesthesia in private hospitals in the city of Durango, Durango State, Mexico. As of February 2023, about 79 meningitis cases were confirmed over the past few months.
The World Health Organization publishes general precautions regarding infection prevention in the publication of PAHO/WHO international travel.
Cancun Tourist Information (Sponsored)
Cancún is located on the Yucatán Peninsula bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, best known for its beaches. Cancun comprises the downtown area, El Centro, and Zona Hotelera. The size of Quintana Roo includes Playa del Carmen, Tulum, and Cozumel.
Various organizations offer travel advice when planning a visit to Cancun in 2023.