FLU-v is a vaccine that aims to protect against a wide range of flu viruses. The purpose of this study is to measure the immune responses induced by FLU-v vaccine. This study will look at how safe FLU-v is when administered and how successful it is in preventing flu or reducing the severity of the flu symptoms.
Annals of Internal Medicine published the results of this study on April 7, 2020.
Results: The adverse events (AEs) with the highest incidence were mild to moderate injection site reactions. The difference between A-FLU-v and A-placebo in the median fold increase in secreted interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was 38.2-fold (95% CI, 4.7- to 69.7-fold; P = 0.001) at day 42 and 25.0-fold (CI, 5.7- to 50.9-fold; P < 0.001) at day 180. The differences between A-FLU-v and A-placebo in median fold increase at day 42 were 4.5-fold (CI, 2.3- to 9.8-fold; P < 0.001) for IFN-γ-producing CD4+ T cells, 4.9-fold (CI, 1.3- to 40.0-fold; P < 0.001) for tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), 7.0-fold (CI, 3.5- to 18.0-fold; P < 0.001) for interleukin-2 (IL-2), and 1.7-fold (CI, 0.1- to 4.0-fold; P = 0.004) for CD107a. At day 180, differences were 2.1-fold (CI, 0.0- to 6.0-fold; P = 0.030) for IFN-γ and 5.7-fold (CI, 2.0- to 15.0-fold; P < 0.001) for IL-2, with no difference for TNF-α or CD107a. No differences were seen between NA-FLU-v and NA-placebo.
Limitation: The study was not powered to evaluate vaccine efficacy against influenza infection.
Conclusion: Adjuvanted FLU-v is immunogenic and merits phase 3 development to explore efficacy.