The Phase 3 study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of 3 consistency lots and a high-dose lot of rVSV-ZEBOV-GP (V920 Ebola Vaccine) in healthy adults.
The primary purpose of this study was to demonstrate consistency in the immune responses of participants receiving 3 separate lots of V920 through 28 days postvaccination. In addition to the 3 lot groups, a high-dose group and a placebo group were studied. A subset of participants representative of all treatment groups continued through 24 months postvaccination in the extension study for the evaluation of long-term safety.
The primary hypothesis states that the geometric mean titer of anti-Zaire ebolavirus envelope (ZEBOV) glycoprotein antibody at 28 days postvaccination is equivalent across the three consistency lots.
The Journal of Infectious Diseases published the clinical results on June 15, 2017.
Results: Fever (≥38.0°C) was observed in 20.2% of combined lots (3.2% with ≥39.0°C), 32.2% of high-dose (4.3% with ≥39.0°C), and 0.8% of placebo (0.8% with ≥39.0°C). Incidences of AEs of interest (days 1-42) were arthralgia (17.1% combined lots, 20.4% high-dose, 3.0% placebo), arthritis (5.1% combined lots, 4.2% high-dose, 0.0% placebo), and rash (3.8% combined lots, 3.8% high-dose, 1.5% placebo). Twenty-one SAEs and 2 deaths were reported, all assessed by investigators as unrelated to vaccine.
Conclusions: rVSVΔG-ZEBOV-GP was generally well-tolerated, with increased rates of injection-site and systemic AEs compared to placebo, and no vaccine-related SAEs or deaths. These findings support the use of rVSVΔG-ZEBOV-GP vaccine in persons at risk for Ebola virus disease.